Homa Bay County The County of Choice



1. Ruma National Park

Ruma National Park covering an area of 120km2 is the only National Park in the entire Nyanza region. 

It lies on the flat bed of the Lambwe Valley, close to the shores of Africa’s largest inland lake, Lake Victoria, and bordered by the Kanyamwa escarpment to the south east, Gwassi Hills, Sumba hill and Ruri hills to the north.

 It is situated 140km from Kisumu City, 10km east of Lake Victoria, South West of Homa Bay and 425km west of Nairobi.

Ruma National Park was initially established as the Lambwe Valley Game Reserve in 1966 to protect the indigenous  and endangered roan antelope, which exist nowhere else in Kenya. It is also popular for its rare intra – African migrant, the blue swallow, and other over 400 bird species.

2. Mfangano Island

Mfangano Island lies in the eastern part of Lake Victoria, at the mouth of the Winam Gulf and west of Rusinga Island. The island is 65 km² in area and rises to 1,694 m at Mount Kwitutu. 

 It has varied vegetation dominated by a combination of thick forest trees and shrubs down slope, while the hilltop is dominated by patches of forest and grassland. The water’s edge of the island is quite rocky with a few black sandy shores. More than 100 species of birds have been recorded around the island, some of which are endangered. The island is also known for the giant monitor lizards and spotted otters.

3. Rusinga Island

Rusinga Island, with an elongated shape approximately 10 miles (16 km) from end to end and 3 miles (5 km) at its widest point, lies in the eastern part of Lake Victoria at the mouth of the Winam Gulf. It is linked to Mbita Point on the mainland by a causeway.

The island is a renowned archeological site where the skull of ‘Proconsul Africanus’ found here by anthropologist Mary Leakey. This anthropoid ape lived on the island three million years ago. More than 100 species of birds have been recorded around the island.

4. Tom Mboya Mausoleum

The mausoleum is built in the shape of the silver bullet that killed him. Tom Mboya Mausoleum is located on Rusinga Island ,the resting place of a pioneer trade unionist and a brilliant and eloquent politician.

It was Gazetted as a national monument vide gazette notice number 1427 dated 9/3//2001, due to Tom Mboya’s outstanding contribution to the development of Kenya and Africa in general. On display at the mausoleum are a number of Tom Mboya personal items, mostly awards given to him by leaders from various nations for championing for the rights of individuals. At the site one can find, a collection of newspaper cuttings featuring Tom Mboya at various forums, pictures of his family members, books and speeches that he gave at different conferences globally. Visitors are allowed to flip through the family album and books on display, while seated on the aligned wooden garden benches outside the mausoleum.

5. Winam Gulf

Winam Gulf, Lake Victoria, Kenya. Winam Gulf is a significant extension of northeastern Lake Victoria into western Kenya. Formerly known as Kavirondo Gulf, Nyanza Gulf, and Lake Nyanza Gulf. It is a shallow inlet and is connected to the main lake by the Rusinga Channel (3m wide), which is partly masked from the main body of the lake by islands. The port of Kisumu, Kenya’s third largest city, stands on its northeastern shore. It has an average width of 25 km extends for 64 km from Kisumu to the channel. Significant bays in the gulf include Naya Bay, Nyakach Bay, Osodo Bay, Kendu Bay, Homa Bay, Ruri Bay, Mirunda Bay, Asembo Bay and Olambwe Bay. Islands in the gulf include Maboko, Rusinga and Ndere Islands.

6. Kanjera Archaeological site

Kanjera archeological site is on the Homa Peninsula on the southern shore of the Winam Gulf of Lake Victoria. Excavations by a Smithsonian – National Museums of Kenya team began in 1987, and have continued under the leadership of Dr. Tom Plummer, who is now chairman of the Anthropology Department at Queens College, City University of New York. The team have discovered the oldest archeological evidence of early human activities in a grassland environment, dating to 2 million years ago.

7. Lake Simbi Nyaima

Simbi Nyaima means the village that sank. Simbi Nyaima is actually a crater lake a few kilometers from the shores of Lake Victoria. The Luo attach great importance to the site because of the legendary story. It is said that the people of Simbi were celebrating their success at the chief’s home. An old woman appeared at the scene looking for shelter and food, but the chief threatened to beat her up if she stayed. She was forced to leave and one lady sympathised with her and gave her food and a warm bath. She advised the kind lady to leave the village with all her children and husband. No sooner had they left than a heavy storm swept the whole village and it sank. The locals believe it happened in the olden days.


8. Mt. Homa & Homa Hot springs

Mount Homa is a mountain located in western Kenya. It forms a broad peninsula on the southern shore of Winam Gulf, an extension of Lake Victoria. This peninsula defines Homa Bay and the mountaintop is about 20 kilometres north of the town of that name. In the Luo language Got Uma or Got Marahuma means “famous mountain”. The Homa-Hills are known to house numerous hot-springs that have their source at the base of the hills. The mountain is formed of carbonatite lava and dates from Miocene to Pleistocene. Along with the active Ol Doinyo Lengai, it is one of the very few carbonatite volcanoes in the world.